Tax Capacity and Effort
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What you are looking at:
The property value per pupil is calculated by dividing the total assessed value for all the property in the district by the average daily enrollment of public school students residing in that district. The tax rate is set by the city and town councils, expressed as a dollar rate per $1,000 of property value. Thus a $10.00 tax rate on a $100,000 home will raise $1,000 in tax revenue. A house valued at $50,000 will raise only half that amount, or $500. A poorer community, whose houses have an average value of $50,000 will have to raise their tax rate to $20.00 per $1,000 in order to generate $1,000.
What you are looking for:
You notice the inequities between the 36 districts resulting from the value of their residential property. Municipal salaries, such as those of teachers, cost more or less the same from community to community, so poor communities must tax their citizens at much higher rates to generate the same amount of revenue as wealthier communities.